How technology has changed the face of education?

Evolution has happened continuously throughout human history. In education a new evolutionary stage is occurring. The way of conversing information has developed over time from using chalkboards and pen and paper to smart boards and computers. This blog is observing the different types of technology on the market, today, which are advancing the teaching experience in primary and high school education. 

In this modern era 89% students have access to computers at school or at home (KewalRamani, Gilbertson and Fox, 2007). With the wide of information available from the internet; teachers a wide range of educational recourses available. Such recourses were previously restricted to books and writer recourses. There are many sites across the internet, where teachers are able to share and observe learning resources with their peers. According to Perrault (2007) these recourses are very useful to teachers because it allowed the transference of knowledge and material across peers. An example of a educational resource site is (Pitchford, 2013).  

The internet has another feature which has recently been popular, online homework diaries. An example of such a website allows both pupil and pupils parents the ability to access homework, check out websites and source material to help with the homework and allows parents to see if there child has completed the work. (The Homework Diary, 1997)

Due to software creation being user friendly, teachers create fun actives, which they can share with other teachers. An journal by Tannahill, Tissington & Senior (2012) concluded educational games keep kids help more engaged and thus they learn more efficiently. Teachers are creating not only educational games; sites like Anki (Elmes, n.d.) allow children to make their own flash cards. This software has cross platform compatibility, so these flash cards can be accessed on smart phones and tablets. This allows education to become multi-media unit and can be access at throughout a person’s life via technology.  

The internet has been made even more accessible in the class rooms due to interactive smart boards (Anderson-SmartBoard, 2013). These devices are changing the way people teach. Students do not have to copy notes due to physical copies saved on the teachers’ computers. This is leading to changes in how students are being taught in the classroom. Teachers by using smartboards encourage students engage more in presentation and have discussion.  (Preston & Mowbray, 2008).

A new trend that is being implanted into education some countries is e learning. E learning is includes many type of media including streaming video, audio and imagines. A case study of e learning is, Saudi Arabia. Saudi Arabia has started to structure its schools on the basic principles of e learning. In 2008 spend the king of Saudi Arabia spend 17.5 Billion pound to make sure a majority of Saudi classrooms were able to incorporate E-learning equipping such as hardware smart boards. According to a study done by Zhang (2004), this new style of learning has increased the amount encoding done during class then traditional methods.

However, being in such an early stage of development the properly execution of eLearning has yet to be understood. According to an article called The Disadvantages of Online Learning (2011) the disadvantages of eLearning are: lack of pubic speaking and student interaction due to the isolation of the computer. Thus Shen et al. (2013) stated a mix of eLeaning and traditional education could be used in teaching. This would allow the use of the multi media aspect of e learning and the social integration of a typical classroom, this is called blended learning. Shen et al. (2013) did a study and found a positive responce from students when being taught via blended learning..

In conclusion, we need to start incorporating more eLearning into schools. With so much technology at our discretion, we need to use it’s learning potential to its full extent. However we must still to allow class integration and socialisation, so students and not completely dependent on computers for integration.

References

The Homework Diary. (1997). In HDC. Retrieved October 11, 2013, from http://www.thehomeworkdiary.com/demos/Lower%20Primary%20Planner.html

Tannahill, N., Tissington, P., & Senior, C. (2012). Video games and higher education: what can “Call of Duty” teach our students?. Frontiers in Psychology3.

Elmes, D. (n.d.). Anki. Retrieved October 10, 2013, from http://ankisrs.net/

Preston, C., & Mowbray, L. (2008). Use of SMART Boards for teaching, learning and assessment in kindergarten science. Teaching Science, 54(2), 50-53.

Anderson-SmartBoard. (2013). Research Skills: Learning to Take Notes Using the Smart Board [Web log post]. Retrieved from http://anderson-smartboard.wikispaces.com/Lesson+-+Using+the+SmartBoard+to+Take+Notes+for+Research+Project

Pitchford, G. (2013, October 4). Primary Resources. Retrieved October 10, 2013, from http://www.primaryresources.co.uk/

Perrault, M. (2007). An exploratory study of biology teachers’ online information seeking practices. School Library Media Research, 10. Retrieved October 10, 2013 from

http://www.ala.org/aasl/aaslpubsandjournals/slmrb/slmrcontents/volume10/perrauit_biologyteachers

The Disadvantages of Online Learning. (2011). In Elearning-companion. Retrieved October 11, 2013, from http://www.elearning-companion.com/disadvantages-of-online-learning.html

Shen, Y. W., Reynolds, T. H., Bonk, C. J., & Brush, T. A. (2013). A Case Study of Applying Blended Learning in an Accelerated Post-Baccalaureate.Journal of Educational Technology Development and Exchange (JETDE)6(1).

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13 thoughts on “How technology has changed the face of education?

  1. naomihogben says:

    I agree that the new phenomenon of online learning is going to greatly improve the way in which students learn in an effective and more enjoyable way. Students believe learning through the internet to be more flexible than learning out of a textbook, leading to higher student satisfaction (Arbaugh). It can be argued that this is because of the many different forms information takes within the internet, and students can find different websites that are easier to read than the average text book. In addition, the internet opens up the use of interactive learning, which has found to be more effective than reading text or watching a video (Zhang, Zhou, Briggs & Nunamaker, 2006). However, the use of online learning programmes are deemed less effective if the students do not perceive them to be useful, and can be detrimental to their learning (Lee, Cheung & Chen, 2005).

    The internet and technology is not only useful for initial learning it is also an effective revision tool. Evans (2006) found that podcasts made accessible to students online and downloadable to put on mobile phones are more effective than the use of textbooks for revision. Students also found it easier to revise using the podcasts as they could listen to them whilst doing different activities like driving.

    In conclusion, the use of the internet opens many opportunities to learn and revise through various different mediums. It also makes the learning experience more enjoyable and provides opportunities for interactive learning. I believe the use of technology as a learning resource will grow over the years and will eventually become students main learning resource.

    References:
    Arbaugh, J.B. (2000). Virtual classroom characteristics and student satisfaction with internet-based MBA courses. Journal of Management Education, 24, 32-54.
    Evans, C. (2008). The effectiveness of m-learning in the form of podcast revision lectures in higher education. Computers & Education, 50, 491-488.
    Lee, M.K.O, Cheung, C.M.K. & Chen, Z. (2005). Acceptance of internet-based learning medium: the role of extrinsic and intrinsic motivation. Information & Management, 42, 1095-1104.
    Zhang, D., Zhou, L., Briggs, R.O. & Nunamaker, J.F. (2006). Instructional video in e-learning: Assessing the impact of interactive video on learning effectiveness. Information & Management, 43, 15-27.

    • psuf10 says:

      Thank you for your positive reply. However what I did not highlight in my blog was the negatives for the use of the internet in education. There are major problems such as lack of training, distraction and cost and how to these could be tackled (Zwol, 2008).

      According to D’Agostino (2010) the internet is a area of distraction for children in schools. Thus with children having constant access connection to the internet, this could cause interactions with outer students over social media and the access to distractors like internet games. A way around this problem is companies like Monitor & Block Websites (2004) monitor and block sites, which are deemed unsuitable to be accessed in school.

      Often in schools people have the technology to bring in the new age of innovated teaching however are unable to use the software. Thus Efaw (2005) stated that teachers should have coherent courses allowing them to use the technology to its full potential. Ffaw (2005) went on further to outline strategies to help teachers do this.

      Finally these technologies are very expensive for schools. Last year the UK spent £88.6 billion on education (Government expenditure 2013 – 14, n.d.). With technology advancements being at such a speed it is going to be hard to keep up, thus solutions must be put in place to use the technology we have efficiently.

      Overall technology has its problems, however I believe that the benefits allowing individualisation of a child’s learning outweigh the negative.

      Zwol, W. (2008, August 9). Is the use of laptops in the classroom beneficial or a distraction? In Helium. Retrieved October 13, 2013, from http://www.helium.com/debates/180273-is-the-use-of-laptops-in-the-classroom-beneficial-or-a-distraction/side_by_side?page=11

      D’Agostino, S. (2010). Facebook and Texting vs. Textbooks and Faces. Math Horizons, 18(1), 34. doi:10.4169/194762110X525548

      Monitor & Block Websites. (2004). In Webwatcher. Retrieved October 14, 2013, from http://www.awarenesstech.com/Student/AboutUs.html

      Efaw, J. (2005). No teacher left behind: How to teach with technology.Educause Quarterly, 28(4), 26.
      Government expenditure 2013 – 14. (n.d.). In ukpublicspending. Retrieved October 13, 2013, from http://www.ukpublicspending.co.uk/government_expenditure.html

  2. psp2cb says:

    I also agree that using technology to enhance learning is needed however in your fifth paragraph you mentioned that devices such as smart boards has made the internet more accessible in classrooms and that students no longer need to copy notes due to the teachers having physical copies on their computers. However, do you think that this is an advantage for the students? Do you think that they benefit from not making their own notes? In my opinion if you told students that they did not need to make notes as copies of the information that was about to be covered will be printed out for them after the class, they will not pay attention in the class. The reason for this is because they will have the attitude that they do not need to make notes as the teacher will give them everything they need at the end of the lesson. However, if the students are not engaging in the class then what the teacher will give them at the end of the class is not going to make much sense and therefore they will have not learned anything. Also, the chances that the students will go home and read that piece of paper with all the information on that the teacher gave them at the end of class is slim. Smart boards are very useful in classrooms however it is also important not to leave some of the old fashioned note taking behind as they are still very important. Some students may benefit from listening to the teachers all day and watching the smart board however other students will benefit much more if they were asked to take notes during the lesson. Therefore its important to keep all the students happy as research has found that students achieve better learning outcomes when taught using their learning preference (Tulbure, 2011).

    References
    Tulbure, C. (2011). Do different learning styles require differentiated teaching strategies? Procedia Social and Behavioural Sciences, 11, 155-159. doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.01.052

    • psuf10 says:

      This is a very valid point a slight over sight in my part, what I meant to say it that they can have the power point. I do believe having copies of the teachers notes are useful for making annotations (O’Hara et al., 1998). However as I said in a previous blog (psuf10, 2013) that writing notes out is a more effective way of learning the information, however having the notes also on the computer, allows you to organise your notes. However I disagree that note taking is the only way of keeping children engaged in class. What you are saying essentially that not taking is the only form of learning. This is not true and this is what the rest of my blog tries to invoke that teachers need to use other ways to engage a class such as personations and other forms of interacting learning. If anything if you ask a class to only write notes all day they will not absorbed the information as well as if they are able to interact with what they are learning (Willcoxson, 1998).

      I agree that old fashion notes should not be left behind however they should not be the for front of the class and note taking as a passive experience from the teacher writing off the board is not a effect way of learning.

      O’Hara, K., Smith, F., Newman, W., & Sellen, A. (1998, January). Student readers’ use of library documents: implications for library technologies. InProceedings of the SIGCHI conference on Human factors in computing systems (pp. 233-240). ACM Press/Addison-Wesley Publishing Co..

      Willcoxson, L. (1998). The impact of academics’ learning and teaching preferences on their teaching practices: A pilot study. Studies in Higher Education, 23(1), 59-70.

      Psuf10. (2013, October 4). Handwritting vs. Typing when taking notes [Web log post]. Retrieved from https://psuf10.wordpress.com/2013/10/04/handwriting-vs-typing-when-taking-notes/

      • Jesse says:

        So, are you suggesting that because we don’t take notes in our class, or (to put the blame where it belongs) because I don’t require you to take notes, that your learning in this class is somehow compromised (I don’t even provide you with Ppoint handouts)?

  3. Psuf56 says:

    You could also mention how useful e-learning is for businesses when it comes to training employees. This is because many hours of classroom learning can be condensed into a compute based course. As shown in Hall (2000) the company Ernst & Young condensed 2,900 classroom into 700 hours of web-based learning, 200 hours of distance learning and 500 hours of classroom instruction, a cut of 52 percent. Taylor (2002) shows that British Telecom (BT) shortened a 5 year classroom course costing £17.8 million to a three month course costing £5.9 million.
    Obviously we have to check whether or not this e-learning strategy is as effective as classroom learning, Studies from Fletcher (1999), Kulik (1994), Willett, Yamashita & Anderson (1983) all confirm that learners learn more using computer-based instruction than they do through traditional classroom methods.

    Going into slightly more detail than those names I just threw at you, with all the aforementioned studies it was shown that learners’ attitude towards e-learning positively changed which in turn affected their exam results positively, their ability to apply this new knowledge on the job and the long-term retention of information pertaining to their tests.

    In conclusion I fully agree with you that it should be implemented in schools to a great degree, but I think it should be pushed out further considered it’s a cheaper and more effective alternative to traditional classroom learning.

    References:

    Hall, B. (2000). New study seeks to benchmark enterprises with world-class e-
    learning in place. E-learning, 1 (1) 18 – 29.Urdan, T. A., & Weggen C. C. (2000). Corporate e-learning: Exploring a new frontier. WR Hambrecht + C

    Fletcher, J.D. (1990, July). Effectiveness and Cost of Interactive Videodisc Instruction in Defense Training and Education, Washington DC: Institute for Defense Analyses.

    Kulik, C. C-L and Kulik, J. A. 1991. Effectiveness of computer-based instruction: An updated analysis. Computers in Human Behavior, 7, pp. 75-94.

    Willett, J.B., Yamashita, J.J. & R.D. Anderson (1983). “A Meta-Analysis of Instructional Systems Applied in Science Teaching.” Journal of Research in Science Teaching 20(5):405-17.

  4. xroupa says:

    According to Fabry & Higgs,1997, while the number of computers in the classroom continues to increase and tremendous support for technology integration exists in government, business, and academia, a major discrepancy exists between the level of technology use expected of educators and the actual use and integration of technology in the classroom.

  5. […] Psuf10. (2013, October 11). How technology has changed the face of education [Web log post]. Retrieved from https://psuf10.wordpress.com/2013/10/11/how-technology-has-changed-the-face-of-education/ […]

  6. […] Psuf10. (2013, October 11). How technology has changed teh face of education [Web log post]. Retrieved from https://psuf10.wordpress.com/2013/10/11/how-technology-has-changed-the-face-of-education/ […]

  7. jeet says:

    Technology changing the face of Education

    Living in the 21st century, can you escape the purview of technology? Technology has invested our lives in a million different ways.

    In the past few years, we witnessed a major change in the world with the advancement of technology.
    The way students are taught and the way of interaction between students and teachers were changed a lot with the progress in Technology.
    Distance education was totally redefined. Online classes bridged the gap between regular and distance education.
    Many apps, blogs, websites and YouTube channels are helping students as well as teachers and changed the definition of formal education.
    Positive Side of technology in education.

    With the help technology, now students are learning concepts crystal clear.
    Online courses increased the access of education. Now, anyone can do any course from any college around the world.
    With the availability of vast knowledge in the internet, students are clarifying their doubts and can increase their scope of learning.
    Now virtual classrooms are impressed by the interesting video lessons with the help of technology.
    Teachers around the world are now collaborating and learning the best methods of education from one another
    Negative Side of technology in education:-

    Click below to read full post :-

    https://www.letsstudytogether.co/technology-changing-face-education/

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